Saturday, June 2, 2018

How Warren Buffett Identifies Value Stocks to Invest?


Four most powerful tools that Warren Buffett uses to identify value stocks. If you understand them all then you can easily pick value stocks for wealth creation. Warren Buffett Intrinsic Value investing formula technique is shared below.

Suppose you are sitting in a beer bar with some of your friends. While drinking the beer you got idea to start your business. The business of printing T-shirts. It requires ₹1,000 to open and start that business but you have only ₹250. You convinced one of your friends sitting with you and he is agree to pay you remaining ₹750.

Now you have ₹250 as equity ( Investor’s original money invested) and ₹750 is your debt that you have to pay back. You started your business and in very first year your company has generated

Revenue = ₹200

Expenses = ₹80

Operating Profit or EBIT = ₹200- ₹80 = ₹120

Net Profit (After deduction of TAX and Interest say 20rs.)= ₹100

Now some of the important terms are as follows:

Equity or Shareholder’s equity : ₹250

Debt or Total liability : ₹750

Total Asset = Asset + Liability i.e. ₹750 + ₹250 = ₹1000

Now here we go:

ROE ( Return On Equity) : Many people don’t really understand the real meaning of ROE, they just say, divide net profit to shareholder’s equity and your ROE is ready. I am not saying they are lying but the fact is you need to understand the terms so that you can use it in your analysis part.

Now in this business

ROE = Net Profit / Shareholders Equity

ROE = 100/250 = 40%

Return on equity measures a corporation's profitability by revealing how much profit a company generates with the money shareholders have invested.

The ROE is useful for comparing the profitability of a company to that of other firms in the same industry. It illustrates who effective the company is at turning the cash put into the business into greater gains and growth for the company and investors. The higher the return on equity, the more efficient the company's operations are making use of those funds.

ROA ( Return On Asset):

ROA = Net Income / Total Assets

Return on assets (ROA) is an indicator of how profitable a company is relative to its total assets. Here is a twist, Remember that a company's total assets is the sum of its total liabilities and shareholder's equity. Both of these types of financing are used to fund the operations of the company. Since a company's assets are either funded by debt or equity.

The company has no retained earnings so Reserves and Surplus would be zero.


ROA = 100/(250+750+Reserves and surplus)

ROA = 100/(250+750+0)

ROA = 10%

A higher ROA represents how efficiently the company is using its total asset in its core business to generate profits.

ROA is most useful for comparing companies in the same industry, as different industries use assets differently.

ROCE ( Return of Capital Employed)

Return on capital employed (ROCE) is a financial ratio that measures a company's profitability and the efficiency with which its capital is employed.Here Capital Employed is not the total asset, this capital is the total capital that has been used to generate profits in the company.

ROCE is calculated as:

ROCE = EBIT / Capital Employed

EBIT = Total Revenue - Expenses i.e. 200 - 80 = ₹120

Total Capital Employed = Equity + Liabilities - Reserves & Surplus

In this example Total Capital Employed = 250 + 750 - 0 = ₹1000

ROCE = 120 / 1000 = 12%

For a company, the ROCE trend over the years is also an important indicator of performance. In general, investors tend to favor companies with stable and rising ROCE numbers over companies where ROCE is volatile and bounces around from one year to the next.

Debt to Equity Ratio :

This is very important parameter that simply determines that how much debt the company has on every 1 Rs. invested by original investors

Debt to Equity Ratio : Total Debt / Shareholder's equity

Debt to Equity Ratio : 750/250 = 3

So Debt/Equity should always be less than or equal to .5

Sunday, April 22, 2018

{NSE|BSE} Stock Market {Open|Closing} Timings In India

If you ask any trader about the Stock Market Timings in India, you could easily get the answer as 09:15 am to 03:30 pm from Monday to Friday. But there are some few more things to discuss about the stock market timings in India such as Pre Market Open Session, Trading Session as well as Post Market Closing Session if you look deep into the topic. That's what I am about to discuss in this post.

Stock Market Timings in India

Stock Market Timings in India

Trading on the Indian Equities segment takes place on all weekdays except Saturday, Sunday and on Stock Market Holidays declared by Indian Stock Exchanges in advance. You could get much more details about the holidays in link here: NSE Market Timing Holidays

Pre-Market Session

The Pre-Open Trade session is a 15 minute trade session from 09:00 am to 09:15 am on the 50 stocks of NIFTY Index. Only 50 stocks of the NIFTY Index can be traded in this session. Normal trading for all other stocks will commence from 09:15 am till 03:30 pm.

What is the Need for Pre-Market Session?

In case a major event or announcement comes overnight before market opens, such events are likely to bring heavy volatility on the next day when the market opens. Special events include merger and acquisition announcements, open offers, delistings, debt-restructurings, credit-rating downgrades etc which may have a deep impact on investors wealth. In order to stabilize this, pre open call auction is conducted to discover the right price and to reduce volatility.
This Pre-Open Session is further divided into 8+4+3 minutes sessions.

  • 09:00 AM to 09:08 AM
    • During this session investors can place/ modify /cancel orders on the basis of which the exchanges would determine the rates at which trading would happen. Orders are not accepted after this initial 8 minutes.
  • 09:08 AM to 09:12 AM
    • In this four minutes, orders are matched, executable price is discovered and trades are confirmed. This session is used to determine the Opening Price of the stock in the normal trading session. You will not be able to cancel the orders here.
  • 09:12 AM to 09:15 AM
    • This 3 minutes is just a buffer period for transmission from pre-market session to normal market session.

Normal Market Session

This is the session where most of the trading activities takes place. You can Buy and Sell stocks in this session. It follows Bilateral matching session, where if buying price is equal to selling price, transaction is said to be complete. Here transactions are as per price and time priority.

Closing Session

The time between 03:30 pm and 03:40 pm is used to calculate the closing price of the stock. It is calculated as the weighted average of the price between 03:00 pm to 03:30 pm. Index closing price is also calculated by their constituent stocks closing price between 03:00 pm to 03:30 pm. 

Intraday Trading With Gann Square of 9 Calculator (Live Case Study)

Please Enter below the LTP (after 9.30 a.m) of the NSE/BSE Nifty or any Index or Stock script for which you need to calculate Intraday Resistance and Support levels as well as Stock Targets and Stoploss recommendation based on Gann's Square of Nine method. Also see below Casestudy if you want to know how it worked for me.
Gann Online Calculator
Enter LTP: >>
Gann Square of 9

The Gann's calculated Resistance and Support levels for the provided LTP value above is as given below for Intraday only.
Gann Resistance and Support Levels
Resistance & Support Levels
Resistance 1 Resistance 2 Resistance 3 Resistance 4 Resistance 5
Support 1 Support 2 Support 3 Support 4 Support 5

You can use the below Gann's Recommended Targets and Stoploss for the stock/Index for Intraday only.
Gann Recommendation for Targets and Stoploss
Buy at / above:     Targets:  
Stoploss :  
Sell at / below:     Targets:  
Stoploss :  

Sample Trading Casestudy using the above Gann Suare of Nine Method

I took BHARTIARTL on NSE as on 17th October, 2017

Also Read: NSE/BSE Opening Closing Timings in India

I checked for the LTP as on 9:35 am and found it to be 458.05 and entered the same in above Gann Square of Nine Intraday Calculator.
Gann Square of Nine Calculation LTP Selection
As soon as I entered the LTP, I got Resistance and Support levels, and as well as the Target and Stoploss Recommendation also.
Gann Square of Nine Calculation Resistance Support Target Stoploss
As for the day, Open and Low was same, I did not want to short the stock and waited for it to break the 462.25 levels, so that I can enter to buy the stock.

At around 12.55 pm, it touched the 462.5 levels, and the stock was bought with a stop loss order of 456.89.
Gann Square of Nine Calculation Buy Level Breaks
The first target was given as 467.4 as per the above Gann Square of Nine method and it was achieved at around 2:45 pm as the scrip went upto 469 levels. As the first target was achieved, the stop loss order was re modified as 467.4 and waited for next Target 472.82. But, within few minutes, it came back to 467.25 and triggered the stop loss order and the scrip was sold at  467.4 levels.
Gann Square of Nine Calculation Target1 Achieved
Totally, The trade made a profit of Rs.450+ following the Gann's square of Nine method for Intraday.
Gann Square of Nine Calculation Profits
Thus, you could see from the above case study that, The target as suggested by Gann's square of Nine method worked. But let me make you clear you with some details on how you could have lost money in this trade.

*You could have shorted at the 456.89 once it went below it. As I was sure that it will increase due to open and low are same, I did not short it.

*Once it reached the Target1, the stoploss order was re modified. If it was not done in a timely manner, you could have lost profits, since the stock came down from top within few minutes.

Also Read: Nifty Monthly Expiry and BankNifty Weekly Expiry Option Pain Cheat Sheet

Finally, I want to suggest is that, Gann Square of Nine method is a profitable method if and only if you are clear with the direction in which the stock moves and you are quick enough to trade according to the situation and handle it properly. This method is just like a torch light in a dark cave. All the risk must be borne by you before you implement or use the above method.

Saturday, November 11, 2017

What does SEO stand for? What does it mean actually?


What does SEO stand for? It is one of the most searched query on google when someone created a website for himself or for his/her business and hears that they need to optimize for the search engines in order to get visitors or customers to his/her website. So what does SEO stand for in business? let me explain.

Search Engine Optimization

SEO stands for Search Engine Optimization. And the phrase improve your SEO strategy encompasses the actions taken to ensure your website can be found in a search engine's results page (SERP) when searching for words or phrases relevant to the content on your website.

Can you understand the above definition for What does SEO mean? Not getting it? Let me explain what is SEO marketing as if I am explaining to my 60 years old father who has not completed his graduation and want to start an Online Business.

Imagine you run a hotel in a busy street where there are two more hotels are present. You provide very quality food and your service is also good from start to end as a customer gets into the hotel. Now, how do you let others know, I mean, the (unknown) visitors who enter the street in which your hotel is located and drive them into your hotel? Practically, you will advertise your hotel in your surrounding area. They might not know whether you provide quality food or not, your service is up to their satisfaction or not. But, you just let them know that such a hotel is present. Moreover, If your quality and service is also good, then, your customers share to others about your hotel (words of mouth). Thereby, you will gain some authority and you get visitors coming up and also improve your business.

Now get back, come out of your imagination. The hotel, which is referred above is your business. You have very quality content or service. But how do your potential visitors know that such a website is present and provide service for the same? The answer is nothing but Optimizing your website as per the Search Engines, such as Google, Bing, Yahoo etc.

Your visitors can mainly reach your business website from Search Engine Result Pages (SERP) only. When your visitors search for a keyword, say about a food item (imagine, you are running a hotel website) on Google, then SEO is nothing but showing your website on the very first position in the search engine results, or at least on the very first page of the Google search engine results.

What are the Qualities of a Good Search Engine Optimized Website? (or) How to make your site liked by the Search Engines?

We can broadly classify the SEO as two things. On page SEO and Off page SEO. Let me discuss those things with you.

On Page SEO

They are the factors which a website posses and if not up to the mark of satisfaction, can be improved easily. So here you go with the On Page SEO factors which affect a website's rank on a search result page.

Checklist for Content

  • Quality Content. Your website must have a content, which should posses value to the users, who visit to your website. Without quality content, though you rank on top of Google results, within few days, you might slip from the first position and gradually move on to the next pages of the Google Results.
  • Research. Have you researched the keywords people may use to find your content?
  • Words. Do you use words and phrases you hope they will be found for?
  • Freshness. Are the pages fresh and about "hot" topics? Do you update the old posts regularly?
  • Media Content. Do the webpage posses any other media such as an image, a video, news etc, other than simple text content?

Checklist for Website Architecture

  • Crawl. Can search engines easily crawl on your web pages?
  • Duplicate. Does your website is able to manage duplicate contents?
  • Mobile. Does your site work well for mobile devices and make use of app indexing?
  • Speed. Does your website load quickly?
  • URL's. Does your URL contain meaningful keywords related to the topic?
  • HTTPS. Does your site use HTTPS to provide secure connection for your visitors?

Checklist for HTML

  • Title. Do HTML title tag contain keywords relevant to page topics?
  • Description. Do meta description tags describe what pages are about?
  • Structure. Do pages use structured data to enhance listings?
  • Headers. Do headlines and subheads use header tags with relevant keywords?
  • Stuffing. Do you excessively use words you want to be found for?
  • Hidden. Do colors or design "hide" words you want pages to be found for?

Off Page SEO

So if you are perfect with On page SEO, good! you have almost made your website a perfect one with neat and clean in the eyes of search engines. But, search engines also looks for off page factors which are listed below and discussed.

Website Trust

  • Authority. Do links, shares and other factors make site a trusted authority?
  • Engage. Do visitors spend time reading or "Bounce" away quickly?
  • History. Has site or its domain been around a long time operating in same way?
  • Identity. Does site use means to verify its identity and that of authors?
  • Piracy. Has site been flagged for hosting pirated content?
  • Ads. Is your content ad-heavy especially "above-the-fold"?


  • Quality. Are links from trusted, quality or respected websites?
  • Text. Do links pointed at pages use words you hope they'll be found for?
  • Number. How many links point at your web pages?
  • Paid. Have your purchased links in hopes of better rankings?
  • Spam. Have you created links by spamming blogs, forums or other places?


  • Country. What country is someone located in?
  • Locality. What city or local area is someone located in?
  • History. Has someone regularly visited your site or socially favored it?
  • Social. Has someone or their friends socially favored the site?


  • Reputation. Do those respected on social networks share your content?
  • Shares. How many share your content on social networks?
So What does SEO mean cannot be answered in a single sentence or paragraph. All the above factors work together to make a webpage rank on search engine result pages. So be sure that your webpage fulfills all the checklist mentioned above. Read my other blog posts on SEO to know more on Search Engine Optimization. Comments are welcomed. Please let me know your doubts through comments.

Friday, October 20, 2017

Money Management - Let the Money Work for You

Money Management - Make Money Work For You

I am a normal guy who works in a IT company. I get my salary on the last working day. As usual, I pay the rent, pay back the loans, spend some for myself, send some money to parents and I did not bother much about the excess money I had in the savings account every month. I just got a notification stating that Rs.308 has been credited as Interest for the savings account I had. I just asked my two roommates about this and it was shocking to know that, one got Rs.54 and another got a little more than Rs.500.  When checked, he used to spend less and had more money in his savings account which led to such higher interest.

I just started thinking thereafter, how can we make money which would provide me a decent income like the above Interest payments. I will be discussing this via the following upcoming series of blogpost.

My grandmother used to keep all the money in the locker instead of keeping it in the bank. The reason she tells is that, it is easy for her to take money and spend whenever she wanted. She was potentially missing something. Yeah, the interest which she gets every quarter.

Like my grandmother, there are more people who are not sure on what to do with money, they put in bank fixed deposits and expect a large returns, but finally pay taxes for the interest they get, or invest in share markets without knowing how it works and get lost in it, and some invest in some scam schemes and get lost with all the money.

The only reason why we hear about such scenarios is Poor Money Management by them.

We are working very hard to earn money and we don't enjoy with the money we get due to poor management of the money. Once we get to know how to manage the Money, then, with us, money will also start work to reap more money.

Next Blog Post: Why Is A Savings Bank Account Necessary?

Please comment if you/your friends had any of such poor money management before which resulted in depreciation of money. 

Sunday, August 13, 2017

How To Check Your PAN Card Status? Is It Active or Deactivated?

Hi everyone. It was shocking for me to know that around 11 lakhs PAN cards has been found duplicate and has been deactivated by the government of India. I just found a way to check if a given PAN card is active or Inactive and confirmed mine. My PAN card is Active. Follow the below steps to confirm your PAN numbers. Also don't forget to help/verify your parents and friends PAN too.

Steps to Check your PAN Card Status

  • Visit Know Your PAN page of Income Tax E-filing website: Click Here
How to check PAN card status steps
  • Fill all the details you know of which Surname, Status, Date of Birth and Mobile Number (Registered with PAN) are compulsory fields to be filled.
  • Once you click submit, OTP will be sent to your PAN registered mobile number. Check your mobile for OTP and enter the same and proceed further by clicking Validate.
How to check PAN card status steps
  • A resultant page will be showing the details of your PAN Number, Surname, First Name, Jurisdiction and Remarks of which you can find your status as mentioned in the Remarks as either Active or Deactivated.
How to check PAN card status steps

Hope your PAN card is Active. Don't forget to help others by sharing this post with your friends. Keep following for more useful posts.

Tuesday, January 10, 2017

5 Mistakes You Must Avoid While Using Your Credit Card

5 Mistakes You Must Avoid While Using Your Credit Card

I hope you have a credit card for sure. Many banks are providing free credit cards.

You know one thing, the usage of credit cards has increased up to 50% in the last five years. There are 2.64 crores credit cards are in usage currently. After this demonetization in India, the usage of credit cards has also increased slightly.

Though many of you have debit cards, we tend to use credit cards along with them without knowing the mistakes we commit when using them.

One and Only Credit Card

Credit card is only for very emergency purposes. Generally, for various shopping activities, your Debit Card is enough. You can have one or two credit cards along with your debit card, but not more than that.You must remember that you have to pay your dues on credit card within a specific time.

If you want your family members to use your credit card, it is better to get Add-on card for your credit card rather than getting another credit card. Think well!

Also Read: A Case Study: Will Provident Fund enough for your Retirement Needs?

The Credit Limit

You should have certain rules while using your credit card. You should not get addicted to the 50 days credit limit, reward points, cashback offers and other benefits of using your credit card.

The very important thing in credit card is the credit which they give you to spend. It is around 2 lakhs to 3 lakhs for professionals. It is advised to have only the balance money you have after spending for a month as credit limit. For example, if your salary is Rs.25,000 per month and you have Rs.5,000 saved after all expenses, then the optimal credit limit for your card is Rs.20,000. If you have very high credit limits, then you need to spend carefully.

Linking Your Credit Card

Don't link your credit card with any of the online services or wallets. Because, when you spend via debit cards, you know how much money you have in balance. But when you spend through credit cards, you don't know.

If you have more credit limit, due to your interest in shopping, you will spend more money unknowingly. Later you will fall in the trap of liabilities.

If you want to link, then link your debit cards. So that you will be cautious on how much money will be deducted and how much you have to spend after that.

Using Credit Card at ATM's

Do you know one thing? The debt interest and the service charges for credit cards is higher if you use it to withdraw money from ATM than using it to purchase things.

Don't use your credit card to withdraw money from ATM. Even if you do so, repay it within the 50 days time gap. If you fail to do so, you would end up paying extra fine and high interests for that withdrawn money.

Say NO to EMI

Most credit cards offers to convert the debts into easy EMI's if you spend more than Rs.2,000. But it is a very wrong move. Because, when you buy 3 things, say, for Rs.5,000, Rs,6000 and Rs.7,000, you can still convert these three spendings into easy EMI's of 3,6,9,12,24 months. What happens here is, you tend to choose the highest month EMI (like 24 months) as you will be paying very low EMI every month. But, you will end up paying only EMI's every month and you can't come out of your debt. It's advised to choose the lowest monthly EMI or the best option is to avoid EMI.


Having a credit card or not using a credit card is a decision which you must take. Use wisely knowing the risks of using credit card, so that you don't fall in the trap of debt.